• FRIDAY, OCTOBER 18, 2019
  • ISSN 2399-1623

Current Volume

Secular changes in child marriage and secondary school completion among rural adolescent girls in India

07 October 2019
J Glob Health Rep 2019; 3: e2019041

Child marriage (<18 years) and school drop-out disproportionately affect girls living in impoverished households in rural areas, with long-term economic and health consequences. Improving retention in education, and delaying age at marriage and first pregnancy have received substantial attention at the national and global level, in line with the Millennium Development Goals and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) (2015-2030). We examined changes over time in economic, education and child marriage indicators among adolescents from rural households in (i) Northern Karnataka (the most deprived region of Karnataka), (ii) Karnataka state, and (iii) all India, using individualized data from four pre-existing, nationally-representative datasets

HTML PDF (13 pages)

Achieving and sustaining impact at scale for a newborn intervention in Nepal: a mixed-methods study

07 October 2019
J Glob Health Rep 2019; 3: e2019046

Ten years ago – in the late 2000s – the government of Nepal was confronted with high infection-attributable neonatal mortality. There was new, locally- generated evidence that use of the antiseptic chlorhexidine for care of the newborn cord stump could substantially reduce the risk of such deaths but – at the time – no global-level recommendation. This paper traces the evolution of chlorhexidine introduction and scale up and documents program performance once the program had reached national scale, in terms of “implementation strength” and population-level “effective coverage.”

Impact of a family caregiver training program in Kolkata, India on post-operative health perceptions and outcomes of cardiothoracic surgical patients

07 October 2019
J Glob Health Rep 2019; 3: e2019058

Patient and family caregiver education is essential for adequate home care after a cardiothoracic surgical intervention. In resource-poor settings where access to medical care is limited and health literacy is low, pre-discharge caregiver education is frequently overlooked. This study evaluates the effect of the Care Companion Program (CCP), an in-hospital patient family engagement and education program that targets family caregivers to support post-surgical patient recovery.

Family violence as a determinant of suicidality and depression among adolescents in India

07 October 2019
J Glob Health Rep 2019; 3: e2019072

Suicide/self-harm is a leading cause of death for adolescent girls and boys globally, and family violence may increase the risk for adolescent suicidality, self-harm and depression. This study assessed whether family violence was associated with suicidality and depressive symptoms among adolescents in India. This study is the first to examine the role of family violence in suicidality and depression among Indian adolescents. Methods We analyze

HTML PDF (13 pages) Supplementary

The state of community health information systems in West and Central Africa

12 September 2019
J Glob Health Rep 2019; 3: e2019047

The proliferation of siloed community-based reporting systems in developing countries has been observed to be inadequate in supplying community stakeholders and governments with the information they desire. There is a clear need for community-based reporting systems to feed into a single centralized, government owned information system. Here we assess the status of centralized, government owned community health information system (CHIS) in 17 West and Central African Countries.

HTML PDF (13 pages)

The challenge to providing stroke care and rehabilitation in Malawi

12 September 2019
J Glob Health Rep 2019; 3: e2019049

Much research activity throughout the world has advanced on acute stroke care interventions, however, patients in low- to middle-income countries (LMICs) benefit less from stroke care practices due and continuing challenges. The aim of this study was to systematically explore stroke care provision challenges at the largest referral hospital in Malawi, from the perspectives of service providers, patients with stroke and their caregivers.

HTML PDF (12 pages)

Preventable factors contributing to increased rates of chronic kidney disease in rural India

12 September 2019
J Glob Health Rep 2019; 3: e2019051

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is disproportionately more prevalent in rural and underserved areas globally, and the epidemiological factors contributing to this phenomenon are poorly understood. Here, we aim to identify several preventable factors contributing towards CKD in the city of Phalodi, a rural city located in the Indian state of Rajasthan.

HTML PDF (4 pages)

Changing attitudes and behaviour towards bats by communities that live close to bat roosts after the 2013 Ebola viral disease outbreak in West Africa

05 September 2019
J Glob Health Rep 2019; 3: e2019037

The 2013 Ebola virus disease (EVD) that hit parts of West Africa has been described as one of the largest outbreaks in recent decades. The outbreak was triggered by the spillover of pathogens from bats to human populations. In Ghana, bats pose a significant risk to humans because interactions between bats and human beings are common, and the henipahvirus and Ebola virus have been discovered in bats and in pigs. We investigated whether there had been a change in the way people who live close to bat roosts interact with bats in the wake of the 2013 EVD outbreak.

HTML PDF (7 pages)

Self-employment’s vulnerability to socioeconomic and working conditions: results from the Korean Working Condition Survey (2006–2014)

05 September 2019
J Glob Health Rep 2019; 3: e2019038

Self-employed professionals are responsible for the major part of the labor market. It is essential to understand the characteristics of the self-employed to promote “decent work” for this segment of workers. The current study aimed to describe the personal and work-related attributes of the self-employed group in South Korea. We used data from the 2006, 2010, and 2014 Korean Working Condition Survey (KWCS). For the current study, a total of 41,775 subjects included and classified them into for self-employed workers (small business owners with 0–4 employees and middle to large business owners with more than 5 employees) and workers with standard full-time employment. Socio-demographic variables included age, gender, educational attainment, income per month, and occupation. Work-related attributes included work time, weekend work, “presenteeism”, and work–life balance.

Knowledge and attitude of youth towards contact lenses in Karachi, Pakistan

05 September 2019
J Glob Health Rep 2019; 3: e2019042

Surveys have shown that contact lenses are common optical correction devices used worldwide and they are particularly popular among the youth. However, not much is known about the knowledge and attitude of youth towards contact lenses in Pakistan. This study targeted to assess the approach of youth in Karachi towards contact lenses and whether the differences noted in approach was simulated by gender. We conducted a cross-sectional survey in September 2018, using convenience sampling and interviewed 400 individuals, aged 16-25, to assess their knowledge, attitude, and practices towards contact lenses. The respondents were asked about their knowledge and its source. Attitudes were assessed by asking participants opinions, while practice question mainly focused on the recent (up to 1 month) use of contact lenses and their experience. Chi-square test was applied to cross-tabulate gender with knowledge, attitude, and practices of youth towards contact lenses.

HTML PDF (7 pages)

Factors associated with neonatal mortality in the African Great Lakes region: A pooled analysis of national surveys

05 September 2019
J Glob Health Rep 2019; 3: e2019043

Neonatal mortality is a major public health problem and accounts for about one third of the deaths of children under-5 years. The aim of this study was to estimate the rate and predisposing factors associated with neonatal mortality in the African Great Lakes region (Burundi, Congo Democratic Republic, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania and Uganda). The study used cross-sectional data from the most recent Demographic and Health Survey of countries in the African Great Lakes region. A total sample of 56600 neonatal deaths of singleton live-born infants was reported across the region. Neonatal mortality was defined as the death of a newborn within the first 28 days of life. Cox regression model was used to identify factors associated with neonatal mortality in the African Great Lakes region.

Quantitative assay for ciprofloxacin and enrofloxacin formulations

05 September 2019
J Glob Health Rep 2019; 3: e2019044

Ciprofloxacin (cipro) is a broad-spectrum fluoroquinolone antibiotic active against both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. It is used extensively in both animals and humans due to its high bioavailability and the wide range of susceptible infections. However, the use of substandard (poor quality) and counterfeit formulations of cipro in low- and middle-income countries has contributed to an increased risk of treatment failure due to antimicrobial resistance (AMR). Poor quality medicines especially have been linked to AMR. Therefore, there is a pressing need to screen for quality of cipro in low-resource settings.

Obesity in the geriatric population – a global health perspective

05 September 2019
J Glob Health Rep 2019; 3: e2019045

The obesity crisis has been a major concern for public health organizations worldwide, and affects the geriatric population in parallel to that of the general population. Though geriatric obesity has been recognized in developed countries, such trends have also extended into developing countries due to disproportionate consumption of energy-dense low-cost food and increasingly sedentary lifestyles. The consequences of geriatric obesity include impaired physical function, decreased quality of life, institutionalization and death. The aim is to describe the obesity epidemic in both developed and developing countries, as well as highlight current surveillance efforts to monitor geriatric obesity on a global scale such as the Study on Global Ageing and Adult Health (SAGE study), which evaluates epidemiology trends in six different countries (China, Ghana, India, Mexico, Russia and South Africa). The impact of obesity on health, disease and systems worldwide will be described, as well as projections of future trends of this disease

HTML PDF (7 pages)

Implementation and effectiveness of community-based resources to increase cervical cancer screening uptake among women living in sub-Saharan Africa: a protocol for systematic review

05 September 2019
J Glob Health Rep 2019; 3: e2019050

Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) accounts for about 70% of the global burden of cervical cancer; this is due to several factors including lack of access to cervical cancer screening, low knowledge of cervical cancer and screening services, poor-functioning health systems, insufficient and poorly trained health workers, and the high burden of human immunodefiency virus (HIV) infection. To date, to the best of our knowledge, there has been no systematic review of the literature on the role of community-based resources such as community health workers and community-based organisations in increasing the uptake and or continuing participation of women in cervical cancer screening, in the setting of high HIV burden, in sub-Saharan Africa.

HTML PDF (11 pages)

Opioid crisis: a public health concern in Colorado, United States

05 September 2019
J Glob Health Rep 2019; 3: e2019056

Opioids have become one of the leading substances abused across many cities in the United States (US), with opioid use disorder already a public health concern. Most of the opioid-related deaths are due to prescription medication. In 2017, opioid overdose was responsible for 560 deaths in Colorado, representing 5.8 deaths per 100,000 residents. Women and children are increasingly affected, implying a need for concerted efforts to address it. Despite an alarming rate of opioid crisis among pregnant women, direct health consequences, especially Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome (NAS), are not clearly covered by health insurance schemes in Colorado, which significantly affects care and overall public health response. In this paper, the impact of opioids on maternal and child health in Colorado is examined, with recommendations towards improving overall management response.

HTML PDF (4 pages)

Infectious disease risk perception among Tunisian students: a case study of Leishmaniasis

11 July 2019
J Glob Health Rep 2019; 3: e2019007

Background In North Africa, especially in Tunisia, leishmaniasis is a real public health problem with 2000 to 8000 cases per year and average incidence rate >1/100 in some hyper-endemic villages. The geographical extension of the three forms of this zoonosis, the high incidence, the exorbitant cost (management, control) and especially the harms: functional, aesthetic, social, psychological are issues that question the promotional role of health education in Tunisian schools. In Tunisia, the introduction of health education in biological programs and textbooks aims at acquiring the knowledge and skills needed to prevent health risks. The present study aims to detect possible failures and to present a path of intervention to innovate preventive measures against infectious diseases.

Which countries are the best in tobacco control? A quantitative analysis of the MPOWER 2017

11 July 2019
J Glob Health Rep 2019; 3: e2019039

The World Health Organization (WHO) introduced a package of advice to countries including six main policies (MPOWER) to control tobacco use. Our objective was to perform a quantitative analysis of MPOWER in countries and regions to create competition between parties. This cross-sectional study was based on the MPOWER data 2017, with countries assessed using a validated check list of 10 criteria (possible maximum score 37). The scores were summed and presented in a descending order for 6 regions. The 23 countries which had at least 85% of total score (i.e., at least 32 from 37) were: United Kingdom, Turkey and Costa Rica (36); Brazil, Panama and Australia (35), Surinam, Colombia, Iran and New Zealand (34); Portugal, Russia, Ireland, Seychelles, Mauritius, Canada, Uruguay and Argentina (33); and Romania, Estonia, Denmark, Spain and Norway (32).

HTML PDF (10 pages)

From training to workflow: a mixed-methods assessment of integration of Doppler into maternity ward triage and admission in Tanzania

11 July 2019
J Glob Health Rep 2019; 3: e2019040

Globally, an estimated 2.7 million neonates died in 2015 during the neonatal period, including about 0.7 million intrapartum deaths. In Tanzania, 46,000 neonates died in 2016. Nearly two-thirds of these deaths could have been prevented through improvements in quality of care at the time of delivery. Scaling up the use of Doppler for fetal assessment may support such improvements. We describe and assess the inputs and processes used to integrate Doppler into the workflow of maternal triage upon admission to Tanzanian labor and delivery wards

Systematic review of diabetes management among black African immigrants, white and South Asian populations

27 June 2019
J Glob Health Rep 2019; 3: e2019020

This study aims to explore the differences in the management of diabetes outcomes and prevalence among black Africans, white and South Asian populations living in western countries from published evidence. This review incorporates findings from differences in diabetes management outcome among black Africans compared to white and South Asian populations.

Postnatal care in Rwanda: facilitators and barriers to postnatal care attendance and recommendations to improve participation

27 June 2019
J Glob Health Rep 2019; 3: e2019032

Sub-Saharan Africa has the highest rates of neonatal mortality in the world with an estimated 1.2 million deaths within the first 28 days of life. Postnatal care (PNC) can contribute to reductions in morbidity and mortality in mothers and newborns through vital support that identifies danger signs and establishes valuable practices and referral processes.

The modelling assessment of World Vision’s Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene Program in Southern Africa countries, Malawi, Mozambique, and Zambia: analyses using Lives Saved Tool

25 June 2019
J Glob Health Rep 2019; 3: e2019019

Since 2010, the humanitarian aid organization World Vision has implemented a community-based water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) program in 76 area development programs (ADPs) for a total target population of 2,831,535 in three Southern Africa countries: Malawi, Mozambique, and Zambia.

“Loving the sinner, hating the sin”: an investigation of religious leaders’ perceived role in the lives of persons living with HIV in Soweto, South Africa

25 June 2019
J Glob Health Rep 2019; 3: e2019021

In South Africa, the Church has historically played an important role in the lives of the Black population. In light of the high number of Black persons living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) in the country, it is important to explore religious leaders’ perceptions of HIV/AIDS and PLWHA to inform the development and implementation of faith-based interventions.

Investigating the significance and current state of knowledge and practice of absent or reduced fetal movements in low and lower middle-income countries: a scoping review

25 June 2019
J Glob Health Rep 2019; 3: e2019023

Absent or reduced fetal movements (ARFM) are linked to adverse perinatal outcome in high income countries but the significance of this symptom in low and lower middle income countries (LMICs) is less established. The objective of this study was to report the current state of knowledge and practice regarding the association between ARFM and adverse pregnancy outcomes in LMICs

Estimating reach of social impact products: A model to standardize the calculation of product reach in data-scarce settings

25 June 2019
J Glob Health Rep 2019; 3: e2019029

Social impact interventions often involve the introduction of a product intended to create positive impact. Program decision makers need data to routinely review product delivery as well as predict potential outcomes and impact to optimize intervention plans and allocate resources effectively. We propose a novel model to support data-driven decision-making in data and budget-constrained settings and use of routine monitoring to ensure progress towards program outcomes and impact.

HTML PDF (15 pages)

Improving access to appropriate case management for common childhood illnesses in hard-to-reach areas of Abia State, Nigeria

25 June 2019
J Glob Health Rep 2019; 3: e2019030

Studies have demonstrated that trained community health workers can improve access to quality health services for under five children. Under the World Health Organization’s Rapid Access Expansion Progamme, integrated community case management of childhood illnesses (iCCM) was introduced in Abia and Niger States, Nigeria in 2013. The objective of the program was to increase the number of children 2-59 months receiving quality life-saving treatment for malaria, pneumonia and diarrhoea by extending case management through community- oriented resource persons (CORPs). We present findings from household surveys comparing baseline and endline data to assess changes in sick child care-seeking, assessment, and treatment coverage provided over the project period in Abia State.

HTML PDF (10 pages)

Variability of clinical practice decisions on Latin American mobile medical service trips (MSTs)

25 June 2019
J Glob Health Rep 2019; 3: e2019034

Short-term medical service trips (MSTs) are increasing in popularity, but there is scant evidence evaluating the working competence of volunteer clinicians. Challenges to providing consistent high-quality care include cultural and language barriers, the frequent absence of confirmatory diagnostic tests, and a lack of context-appropriate best practice guidelines.

HTML PDF (9 pages) Supplementary

TXTTaofiTapaa: pilot trial of a Samoan mobile phone smoking cessation programme

25 June 2019
J Glob Health Rep 2019; 3: e2019035

Smoking remains a major risk factor to good health across the Pacific region. Samoa, like other Pacific nations, has signed up to the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) to reduce the prevalence through actions including providing smoking cessation services. A text message cessation programme that had been proven successful in New Zealand was adapted and trialled in Samoa. The aims of this study were to trial the Samoan mCessation programme TXTTaofiTapaa to determine the feasibility, acceptability and potential to help smokers in Samoa to quit.

Role of Anopheles baimaii: potential vector of epidemic outbreak in Tripura, North-east India

25 June 2019
J Glob Health Rep 2019; 3: e2019036

Malaria is one of the foremost public health concerns in north-east India. The state of Tripura, belonging to north-east India recently reported an outbreak of malaria during 2014 with thousands of positive cases and several deaths due to malaria. The epidemic has occurred mainly in the high transmission areas affecting the young population. This study was undertaken to find out the vector species responsible for the outbreak.

HTML PDF (6 pages)

Using the Uganda Demographic and Health Surveys from 2011 and 2016 to assess changes in Saving Mothers, Giving Life intervention districts

01 May 2019
J Glob Health Rep 2019; 3: e2019026

Launched in 2012 in Uganda and Zambia, Saving Mothers, Giving Life (SMGL) was a five-year initiative that aimed to improve access to and use of maternal and newborn health care services, as well as to strengthen the quality of these services. The results revealed that while respondents and their children in both the SMGL and control areas demonstrated significant improvements in MCH indicators between 2011 and 2016, the gains were largely not significantly different between the treatment and control areas, with the exception of two indicators: blood pressure measurement among women with ANC and births delivered by cesarean section.

Community participation and maternal health service utilization: lessons from the health extension programme in rural southern Ethiopia

01 May 2019
J Glob Health Rep 2019; 3: e2019027

Health extension workers (HEWs) are the implementers of the unique primary health care programme of Ethiopia. They facilitate community participation in maternal health service delivery via the health development army (HDA) and pregnant women forums (PWFs). As part of a quality improvement intervention, HEWs received training, guidance and supervision focused on facilitation of HDA meetings and PWFs. We aimed to assess the effect of the intervention on maternal health service utilization and explore the perceptions of stakeholders regarding efforts to enhance community participation in maternal health.

HTML PDF (12 pages)

Haiti Acute and Emergency Care Conference: descriptive analysis of an acute care continuing medical education program

30 April 2019
J Glob Health Rep 2019; 3: e2019012

Several disasters over the past decade have highlighted the need for strong acute-care systems in Haiti. As part of a multifaceted approach to improving national acute-care training, the Research and Education consortium for Acute Care in Haiti (REACH) launched the inaugural Haiti Acute and Emergency Care Conference (HAECC).

HTML PDF (7 pages)

A program to further integrate mental health into primary care: lessons learned from a pilot trial in Tunisia.

30 April 2019
J Glob Health Rep 2019; 3: e2019022

Tunisia is a lower-middle-income country located in North Africa. Since the 2010-2011 Revolution, a campaign of civil resistance to protest high levels of youth unemployment, difficult living conditions, and government corruption, a rise in mental health problems, substance use disorders, and suicide attempts/ deaths has been recorded. To address untreated mental health symptoms, a mental health training program was offered to primary care physicians (PCPs) working in the Greater Tunis area of Tunisia, a collaboration between members of the Tunisian Ministry of Health, the School of Public Health at the Université de Montréal (Québec, Canada), the World Health Organization (WHO) office in Tunisia, and the Montréal WHO-PAHO Collaborating Center (CC) for Research and Training in Mental Health (Québec, Canada).

HTML PDF (14 pages)

Transnational family support and perspectives from family members back home: a pilot study in Kisumu, Kenya

30 April 2019
J Glob Health Rep 2019; 3: e2019025

Transnational family support as a resource for migrants is understudied, particularly from the perspective of those providing support from a distance. This pilot study aimed to determine the feasibility of conducting transnational research and gathering data from family members back home using communication technology. Preliminary data on the experience of providing transnational support to migrant family members living abroad, were also collected

HTML PDF (12 pages)

Women’s modern contraceptive use in sub-Saharan Africa: does men’s involvement matter?

27 March 2019
J Glob Health Rep 2019; 3: e2019013

Men’s involvement in family planning can play an important role in improving the use of modern contraceptives. Several studies have shown that family planning interventions that involve men have resulted in positive outcomes. However, these studies are mainly case-control studies with a specific focus area. This paper used data from men’s responses in Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) in 27 sub-Saharan African countries to study whether there is an association between men’s involvement and modern contraceptive use using nationally represented cross-sectional data.

Exploring causal pathways for factors associated with neonatal, infant and under-five mortality, analysis of 2015-2016 Myanmar Demographic Health Survey

27 March 2019
J Glob Health Rep 2019; 3: e2019015

This study explores the intermediate and proximate causal factors associated with under-five mortality in Myanmar in order to help policymakers to assess and formulate appropriate interventions to prevent neonatal, infant and under-five deaths.

Use of pulse oximetry during initial assessments of children under five with pneumonia: a retrospective cross-sectional study from 14 hospitals in Ethiopia

27 March 2019
J Glob Health Rep 2019; 3: e2019016

Hypoxemia, a fatal condition characterized by low concentration of oxygen in the blood, is strongly associated with death among children with pneumonia. Ethiopia’s Federal Ministry of Health launched its first National Oxygen and Pulse Oximetry Scale-up road map to improve access and utilization of pulse oximetry and oxygen. This study aimed to describe the use of pulse oximetry during the initial patient assessment among children under five diagnosed with pneumonia and serves as a benchmark to measure progress of the road map.

HTML PDF (8 pages)

Major limb loss (MLL): an overview of etiology, outcomes, experiences and challenges faced by amputees and service providers in the postconflict period in Northern Uganda

27 March 2019
J Glob Health Rep 2019; 3: e2019028

Trauma is a leading cause for major limb loss (MLL) during war. As societies transition into peace other factors become important. The voluntary sector plays a diminishing role in service delivery as countries transition towards peace.

At the frontier of the global battle against emerging infections: surveillance and management of avian influenza A(H7N9) in Guangdong Province, China

14 March 2019
J Glob Health Rep 2019; 3: e2019018

Guangdong, which stands at the frontier of emerging infections, has developed an innovative system approach to this threat. The province of 110 million inhabitants, a major hub for domestic and international trade, includes mega-cities side-by-side with small-scale agricultural areas in a region from which recent strains of influenza and other respiratory viruses have emerged. Guangdong residents consume chicken and purchase it at live poultry markets, which can accelerate the emergence of influenza strains and transmission to humans. We describe Guangdong’s approach to surveillance and public health emergency response.

Making healthcare decisions for terminally ill adults and elderly in rural Bangladesh: an application of social autopsy.

18 February 2019
J Glob Health Rep 2019; 3: e2019002

This study investigated healthcare decision-making surrounding ter- minal illnesses of adults and elderly persons (aged 15 years or more), who later died at home, hospitals, or in-transit, in a rural, low-income area of Bangladesh where out-of-pocket health expenditure is very high.

HTML PDF (11 pages) Supplementary

Gender inequities and global health outcomes.

18 February 2019
J Glob Health Rep 2019; 3: e2019017

Gender has a great impact on the health of some of the most vulnerable popula- tions in the world. Cultural biases against females result in: female infanticide, a lack of female immunisation, malnourishment due to neglect in infancy, sex- ual and physical violence resulting in injury and sexually transmitted disease, female genital mutilation/ cutting (FGM/C), mental illness, and health systems that do not adequately meet female needs. Female health is also damaged by a lack of focus from research, a disproportionate responsibility placed on females for caring for others, and economic and social situations that result in a lack of access for females to healthcare. Men also suffer from cultural expectations which lead them to disregard their own health, indulge in risky behaviours, and become involved in crime or war. Given that gender cuts across so many aspects of health, it is clear that addressing these cultural issues has a huge impact on the health of vulnerable populations. Globally, cultural change must be addressed through education, together with changes to social policy and legal and economic frame- works to increase female empowerment and encourage more equitable treatment.

HTML PDF (6 pages)

Applying the social determinants of health lens to the situation of young key populations in Zambia: what can it tell us about what we could do?

15 February 2019
J Glob Health Rep 2019; 3: e2019008

According to census data, Zambia has a predominantly young popula- tion with 65% under the age of 25 years. Improving the sexual and reproductive health of young people aged 15–24 years has become a crossing-cutting priority for sustainable development for the country. Certain sub-groups within this population, namely young gay men and other men-having-sex-with-men; young sex workers; young transgender people; and young prisoners – collectively termed key popula- tions – may have poorer sexual and reproductive health than their general popula- tion peers. The application of the social determinants of health framework offers a way to understand these inequities in order to more effectively address them.

Maternal postnatal care in Bangladesh: a closer look at specific content and coverage by different types of providers

28 January 2019
J Glob Health Rep 2019; 3: e2019004

The first 48 hours after birth is a critical window of time for the survival for both mothers and their newborns. Timely and adequate postnatal care (PNC) is being promoted as a strategy to reduce both maternal and new- born mortality. Whether or not a woman has received a postnatal check within 48 hours has been well studied, however, specific content and type of provider are also important for understanding the quality of the check. The objective of this paper is to understand who receives specific PNC interventions by type of provider in Bangladesh.

HTML PDF (11 pages)

Morocco investment case for hepatitis C: using analysis to drive the translation of political commitment to action

28 January 2019
J Glob Health Rep 2019; 3: e2019011

Worldwide more than 125 million people are infected with hepatitis C (HCV). New drugs, direct acting antivirals (DAAs) that can cure HCV in three months, are available in generic form at very low cost in over 100 low- and middle-income countries, yet few countries have launched national campaigns. In Morocco, more than 350,000 people are infected with chronic HCV infection yet only 1,500 individuals with mandatory social health insurance are currently treated each year with DAAs. Such treatment coverage is low for this group and is completely inaccessible to the remaining 70% of the population.

A prospective study of causes of death in rural Gadchiroli, an underdeveloped district of India (2011-2013).

23 January 2019
J Glob Health Rep 2019; 3: e2019009

Reliable information on causes of death to understand health priorities is rare from rural underdeveloped regions of India but is needed to direct health care response. This prompted us to study causes of death in a rural region of Gadchiroli, one of the most underdeveloped districts of India.

HTML PDF (10 pages)

Institutionalization of stock status report in the management of HIV/AIDS programme: experience from Nigeria.

23 January 2019
J Glob Health Rep 2019; 3: e2019010

Incomplete and poor quality of data generated by routine health information systems limit their use in program planning, implementation and monitoring. Prior to 2012, there was no central structure in place in Nigeria for the collation, analysis and presentation of HIV/AIDS Logistics Management Information System (LMIS) data in a usable format.

HTML PDF (6 pages)

Sleep and children’s development in India

11 January 2019
J Glob Health Rep 2019; 3: e2019006

Change in lifestyle, late marriage and various other reasons results preterm baby, caesarean baby and various birth defects. Further children’s health is becoming fragile due to change in food habits like: regular use of snacks, caffeinated drinks, fast foods, inorganic foods etc., use of plastics as food vessels, use of antibiotics, due to lesser physical activity, lesser play, and stressful study routine etc. Proper sleep to a large extent makes body evolve and adapt to the changed requirements.

HTML PDF (6 pages)

Exploring the relationship between life expectancy at birth and economic growth in 56 developing countries

10 December 2018
J Glob Health Rep 2019; 3: e2019001

Higher income per capita (IPC) means better access to public and private health services those are provided by public or private sectors in a country. Good health service which lowers mortality rates in a country promotes to reach a long living population level with a higher life expectancy at birth (LEB) and healthy labour force enhancing productivity. People feel themselves more productive with a good health care hence increasing productivity and working hours will cause an increase in IPC (economic growth) incessantly. In traditional economic growth theory, labour force which is one of the factors of production function has got an important effect on the country’s economic growth. This study aims to investigate the relationship between LEB and IPC data and vice versa for 56 developing countries in North Africa, Middle-East and South-East Asia where most of them are Islamic countries and members of The Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC).

HTML PDF (12 pages)

Integrating, advocating and augmenting palliative care in Malaysia: a qualitative examination of the barriers faced and negotiated by Malaysian palliative care nongovernmental organisations

10 December 2018
J Glob Health Rep 2019; 3: e2019003

Since its introduction in 1991, Malaysian palliative care has made significant progress, with an estimated 26 non-governmental organisations (NGOs) and 68 government hospitals providing palliative care facilities and services nationwide. Distinct models between these sectors create unique challenges for each sector in progressing palliative care, requiring different strategies to address these.

HTML PDF (15 pages)